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Campsie  Parish Church

The Campsie  Parish Church, Lennoxtown (High Church) was built in 1828 with the foundation stone laid on June 21st 1827. The site called Quarry brae was bought from a Miss Lennox of Woodhead for £480 which was thought to be the ideal site for the church. The plan was of a Gothic building, to accommodate 1550 and to cost £5000, but was probably going to accommodate 1,600 and cost £8000. Once the church was built, it became known as the High Church. It was a church worthy of the parish, spacious and was situated in the most densely populated area in the parish. Unfortunately, it was destroyed by fire in the early 1980's, and still lies in a state of disrepair to this day.

The focus of the Lennoxtown area used to be the busy Lennox Mill, where tenants of the Woodhead estate brought their corn to be ground. There were several corn mills in Campsie Parish, but this was arguably the most important. Lennox Mill was located in the vicinity of the recently demolished Kali Nail Works.

A significant event in the history of the locality was the establishment of the calico printing works at Lennoxmill during the late 1780s, on a site adjacent to the old corn mill. Calico is a type of cotton cloth, and the printing of cotton cloth was soon established as a major industry in the area, also at Milton of Campsie. It was to provide accommodation for the block makers and other cotton printing workers that the village of Lennoxtown was established, during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Streets of houses were planned and built according to a formal plan. Lennoxtown was at first known as 'Newtown of Campsie', to distinguish it from the Sirktown' or Clachan' of Campsie, at the foot of Campsie Glen.

During the 19th century Lennoxtown grew to be the largest centre of population in Campsie Parish. Another important industry was soon established – a chemical works, founded by Charles Macintosh (of waterproof clothing fame) and his associates. At first their principal product was alum, a chemical employed in the textile industry. Alumschist, the basic ingredient in the process, was mined in the area. The works came to be known as the Secret Works, presumably because of the need to keep the industrial processes secret.

Ref: DP376

Gallery: Scenery

Campsie Parish Church

East Dunbartoshire.

Country: Scotland

United Kingdom.

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