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The new fountains cost almost £50,000. The old ones were bought for presentation to the Canadian government, and are now in Ottawa and Regina. A further programme of restoration work was completed by May 2009. The existing pump system was replaced with a one capable of sending an 80-foot (24 m) jet of water into the air. A new LED lighting system was also installed to reduce the cost of lighting maintenance. The new lighting was designed with the London 2012 Summer Olympics in mind, and for the first time could project many different combinations of colours on to the fountains. The new lighting system has a much lower energy requirement and should reduce its carbon footprint by around 90%.

St Martin-in-the-Fields is an English Anglican church at the north-east corner of Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, London. It is dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours. There has been a church on the site since the medieval period. The present building was constructed in a Neoclassical design by James Gibbs in 1722–1724. Excavations at the site in 2006 led to the discovery of a grave from about 410 AD. The site is outside the city limits of Roman London (as was the usual Roman practice for burials) but is particularly interesting for being so far outside, and this is leading to a reappraisal of Westminster's importance at that time. The burial is thought by some to mark a Christian centre of that time (possibly reusing the site or building of a pagan temple).

The earliest extant reference to the church is from 1222, with a dispute between the Abbot of Westminster and the Bishop of London as to who had control over it. The Archbishop of Canterbury decided in favour of Westminster, and the monks of Westminster Abbey began to use it. Henry VIII rebuilt the church in 1542 to avoid plague victims from the area having to pass through his Palace of Whitehall. At this time, it was literally "in the fields", an isolated position between the cities of Westminster and London.

Because of its prominent position, St Martin-in-the-Fields is one of the most famous churches in London. Dick Sheppard, Vicar from 1914 to 1927 who began programs for the area's homeless, coined its ethos as the "Church of the Ever Open Door". The church is famous for its work with homeless people through The Connection at St Martin, created in 2003 through the merger of two programs dating at least to 1948. The Connection shares with The Vicar's Relief Fund the money raised each year by the BBC Radio 4 Appeal's Christmas appeal. The crypt houses a café which hosts jazz concerts whose profits support the programs of the church. The crypt is also home to the London Brass Rubbing Centre, an art gallery and a book and gift shop. A life-sized marble statue of Henry Croft, London's first pearly king, was moved to the crypt in 2002 from its original site at St Pancras Cemetery.

In January 2006, work began on a £36-million renewal project. The project included renewing the church itself, as well as provision of facilities encompassing the church's crypt, a row of buildings to the north and some significant new underground spaces in between. The funding included a grant of £15.35 million from the Heritage Lottery Fund. The church and crypt reopened in the summer of 2008. Twelve historic bells from St Martin-in-the-Fields, cast 1725, are included in the peal of the Swan Bells tower in Perth, Western Australia. The current set of twelve bells, cast in 1988, which replace the old ones are rung every Sunday between 9am and 10am by the St Martin in the Fields Band of Bell Ringers.


Ref: DP474

Gallery: Other

Trafalgar Fountain

London.

England.

United Kingdom

Website

Trafagar Fountain

In 1841, following suggestions from the local paving board, Barry agreed to the idea that two fountains should be installed, to counteract the effects of the reflected heat and glare from the proposed asphalt surface. The First Commissioner of Woods and Forests also welcomed the plan, not least because the fountains would reduce the open space available for public gatherings and thus reduce the risk of riotous assembly. The fountains were fed from two wells, one in front of the National Gallery and one behind it, connected by a tunnel. The water was pumped by a steam engine, housed in a building behind the gallery. In the late 1930s it was decided to replace the pump and the centrepieces of the fountains. The new centrepieces, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, were intended as memorials to Lord Jellicoe and Lord Beatty, although the busts of the two admirals, initially planned to be placed in the surrounds of the fountains were eventually placed against the northern retaining wall when the project was completed after the Second WorldWar.

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